Monday, March 9, 2020
Preventing and Controlling Sooty Mold Tree Disease
Preventing and Controlling Sooty Mold Tree Disease Sooty mold appropriately and exactly describes the disease, as it looks just like chimney soot.Ã AscomyceteÃ fungi, which includes many genera, commonlyÃ CladosporiumÃ andÃ Alternaria are usually the offending fungal organisms.Ã Although unsightly, it seldom damages the tree but it can look nasty in the landscape. The pathogens are dark fungi growing either on the honeydew excreted by sucking insectsÃ or on exuded sapÃ material coming from leaves of certain trees. These sucking insects can include aphids and scale insects and sooty mold may occur on any tree but is most commonly seen on boxelder, elm, linden, and especiallyÃ maple trees. More on Honeydew Honeydew is a sugary,Ã sticky liquid secretedÃ by sucking, piercingÃ insects as they feed on plant sap. The insect feeds itself by using a special mouthpart that penetratesÃ the soft tissues of plant foliage, soft stems and most particularly for aphids, the tender underside of leaves. These soft-bodied insects produce the honeydew as a liquid waste product via the gut but will not harm your tree. Its a real problem onÃ everything beneath and around the tree that is exposed to the syrup and then colonized by sooty mold. Prevention of Sooty Mold Sooty molds are associated with high temperatures and increased stress brought on by limited moisture. During drought, aphid populations and their honeydew production typically increase on foliage undergoing moisture stress. One prevention method for the mold is keeping plants and trees well-watered and controlling the soft-bodied insect population is very important. Control of Sooty Mold Sooty molds can be indirectly controlled by reducing populations of sucking insects that excrete honeydew. Use the appropriate recommended chemicals that control aphids and other sucking insects. The appropriate chemicalsÃ your trees need for these sucking insects might be applying horticultural oilÃ during the dormant seasonÃ followed by an insect growth regulator in the mid-summer. Also, a good washing of infested trees foliage (if possible) can dilute the honeydew and wash off the mold. This alone may be all that is needed.